Known for its brown to gray-brown patches on the skin, Melasma is a common skin condition. In addition to the face and the back, it can cause damage to the arms and neck. The most common spots are on the cheeks, upper lip, forehead, nose bridge, chin, etc. Melasma and hyperpigmentation should not be confused.

Why does Melasma occur?

Melasma’s exact cause is unknown at this time. Our bodies produce too much melanin when our melanocytes (colour-producing cells) overproduce it. Approximately one-third of those who suffer from melasma are also affected by melasma in family members.

The Melasma: Its Characteristics

There are dark brown patches on the face with an irregular border and macules (areas with discoloration). There are many variations of this skin condition.
It is a form of melasma that is often found on the forehead, chin, nose, lips, and cheeks.
An individual’s cheekbones display a malar pattern.
An individual’s jawbones contain the mandibular pattern.
Follow these precautions:

  • Stop taking any medications that cause hormonal imbalances.
  • Don’t forget to wear a hat when you are out in the sun.
  • Regardless of the weather, wear sunscreen with at least SPF 30 or higher.
  • Be gentle when cleansing your face.
  • Steer clear of products that can cause irritation.
  • Ensure you take good care of your skin.
  • Long-term use of steroids and hydroquinone preparations can result in side effects.

Melasma treatment results: when can you expect to see them?

The results of the treatment take time to become apparent. To prevent Melasma from recurring, it is very important to follow the advice of your dermatologist.